Top Five Used Backend Languages

What is Back End Development?

What is Back End Development?

Back End Developers develop and maintain a website’s back-end technology (the server, application, and database). Without the technology offered by a back-end developer, the appealing visuals produced by designers, front-end developers, and UX specialists would not be possible.

What are the Responsibilities and Job Description of a Back End Developer?

What are the Responsibilities and Job Description of a Back End Developer?

When developing comprehensive digital solutions for business needs, a Backend web developer jobs collaborate with full stack developers, front end developers, UX specialists, or programmers. They ensure that the website is ascendable and that it can efficiently run even under heavy loads, such as high traffic or taxing scripts. They are also accountable for testing and maintaining current back end components to guarantee that they operate as quickly and effectively as possible. Any C# developer also has responsibility for data storage, therefore they must be well-versed in compliance and data security.

The Regular Duties comprise:

  • Creating and Well-Maintaining of the Web Applications
  • Writing Superior-Quality Code
  • Assessing the Speed and Effectiveness of the Current Applications
  • Management of Hosting Environments
  • Troubleshooting & Debugging
  • Quality Analysis Testing
  • Keeping Pace with the New Technologies

Why People Prefer Backend Development Languages?

One will likely appreciate working on the frontend if they enjoy the idea of bringing visual designs to life and providing a first-rate user experience. Users may like to work as backend developers if they enjoy deciphering algorithms, manipulating data, and coming up with solutions to optimize complex systems.

Which are the Top Five Used Backend Languages?

Backend languages that are frequently used include PHP, Ruby, Java, Python, and C#. These computer languages frequently work with frameworks that make the process of developing websites easier.

  • PHP


In the field of web development, Hypertext Preprocessor or PHP, is a seasoned competitor. This 1994-born, free-to-use server-side scripting language was designed with web development in mind. It is also not essential that a compiler should be needed since it is an understood language, and can be easily used with every key operating system, including Linux, Windows, Unix, MacOS, etc. Talking about PHP’s stimulating qualities, there are tons like its OOPs capabilities, cross-platform compatibility, user-friendly nature, support for numerous common databases like SQLite and MySQL, as well as its robust community.

Frameworks of PHP for Backend Website Development: CodeIgniter, Laravel, Symfony, etc.

Prominent websites that use PHP: WordPress, Flickr, MailChimp, etc.

  • C#


One of the most popular languages for developing system backends is C-Sharp. It is a result of its amazing features, including Windows server automation. In addition, it’s great since it executes codes swiftly. Moreover, a C# developer can use it to make CLI applications and games.

Key features of C# comprise garbage data, cross-platform compatibility, object-oriented programming, and values collection.

Widely used C# frameworks for backend development include ASP.NET MVC and ASP.NET Core.

  • Ruby


Programming paradigms including functional, procedural, and object-oriented programming are all supported by the general-purpose, interpreted language Ruby. Since it is significantly simpler to learn, the language is very commonly adopted for web development globally and is greatly recommended to beginners looking to start with backend web programming. Like Python, Ruby emphasizes boosting the productivity of the developer, which ultimately boosts the website development process. Also, not to forget that Ruby is majorly dependent on several other languages of programming, like Lisp, Perl, Ada, Eiffel, etc. This particular language supports every key platform, including Linux, Windows, and also Max.

Frameworks of Ruby for Backend Website Development: Sinatra, Ruby on Rails, Grape, etc.

Prominent websites that use Ruby: Shopify, Airbnb, SlideShare, etc.

  • Java


Another excellent programming language for developing the backbone of a website is Java. The development of enterprise-scale online apps as well as desktop, scientific, Android, and other types of applications are frequently done with object-oriented languages of programming. The main benefit of using Java is that it adheres to the Write Once, Run Anywhere (WORA) principle, meaning that Java code that has already been compiled can be run on any platform that is compatible with Java without the need for extra compilation.

Frameworks of Java for Backend Website Development: Struts, Spring, Grails

Prominent websites that use Java: IRCTC, LinkedIn, Yahoo, etc.

  • Python


Even since Python is prominent for being compatible with superior technologies like (IoT), Data Science, Machine Learning, etc., let us guarantee candidates that this enhancing programming language is also widely used and ideal for backend website development. Python is one of the three main languages used by Google; the other two are C++ and Java. Even one of the key IT giants of the modern era, Google, heavily depends on Python.

Frameworks of Python for Backend Website Development: Flask, Django, Pyramid, etc.

Popular websites that use Python: Pinterest, Spotify, Instacart, etc.

Backend Developer Pay Scale in the U.S.

  • Location: Backend developers’ pay in the US varies depending on the company’s location. Backend developers in San Francisco make an annual salary of about $150,000. Backend developers in Boston make an average of $144,176 per year. The average yearly wage in New York is $135364.
  • Experience: Backend developers with fewer than a year of experience make, on average, $61k annually, according to Payscale. The average yearly salary for backend developers with more than ten years of experience is $74,000.
  • Skills: Indeed lists the top Haskell, XLST, Scala, Go, Pig, Python, Machine Learning, C++, Computer Science, and Data Structures qualifications and abilities for backend engineers. XSLT experts earn about 51.06% more money than ordinary employee.

Final Words

Backend development job is a rewarding job option with a high pay range. Given the high need for backend developers, one must build high-quality and cutting-edge, pertinent abilities that will set the individual apart from other applicants.

About the author

Deepak Rupnar

After working as digital marketing consultant for 4 years Deepak decided to leave and start his own Business. To know more about Deepak, find him on Facebook, LinkedIn now.