Data security solutions and reliability issues are top priorities for any company with mission-critical digital information. Data protection and security for digital resources include many of the elements of the concert work, including access protection, disaster relief, and archival services.
In other words, reliable data must be protected from both unauthorized access or vandalism and loss of physical equipment, as well as be readily available to meet business needs.
Data security solutions exist at various levels, offering business continuity and data management efficiency. Protection of intellectual property, or IP, is a complementary goal to ensure business continuity.
Protection can be at the application, or program, level. This level refers to the security services that are placed in interfaces between applications.
For example, a program can secure data without an encrypted password; A security service combines this data. When the message is accessed by the receiving application, another component of the service can authenticate the user, allowing security protocols to existing within the program’s code.
Other examples of data protection and backup services present at the application level are privacy services and data integrity services.
The data can be encrypted by an application and then decrypted only when re-accessed by that program to define the parameters of confidentiality.
To ensure data integrity, data transmitted by a receiving program can be checked for modifications to its contents.
The advantages of this level lie in the diversification of data security and a certain level of simplicity. Definitions of security and authorization rules will be integrated into IT products.
Middleware and IT level
At this stage, the data security solution will look like enterprise resource planning (ERP) programs that can act as an umbrella on a cross-organization system.
This umbrella provides a coherent security definition for each component, even if it is a resource for vastly different department functions, such as accounting vs. customer relationship management or distribution.
Data access processes would be under this umbrella without the movement of information outside the boundaries of the company network and IT infrastructure.
This level can certainly be combined with the application level of data security solutions, as it provides a beneficial overlap.
Each department may have security protocols for its individual ERP components that operate under the entire ERP system.
For example, accounting information access to distribution inventory data would be unique, but both would sit behind a shared gateway.
This dual-level approach protects IPs from external access and at the same time helps to separate data within an organization.
A possible future direction of data security services is the focus on the integration of security features within the files themselves.
Authorization and security mechanisms can be packaged with a file, a security level added that will persist even if a file is compromised.
For example, some PDF files come with internal encryption and password challenges that protect its contents, even if the file itself is accessible with a simple PDF reader.
File-level security presents an interesting paradigm. Each piece of data serves as separate protection against unwanted access.
Instead of a password that can be compromised to use the IP’s entire database, each file will have its own constraint. Just trying to open a file to determine if the data was important would be a monumental task in itself.
Initiative for data security
Data protection and backup services can be focused on more than just IP protection. Access to mission-critical data is a core aspect of business continuity. Therefore, disaster recovery is an integral part of data reliability.
A single physical device or data on more than one media, all of which are located within the same building, whether from fire, vandalism, or natural disaster, pose a risk of catastrophe.
Remote backup services can be used for leveling to protect against damage and to facilitate data recovery to minimize downtime.
Remote services can be accessed via a secure Internet connection and are an ideal complement to reliability issues. For example, an extended power outage or equipment failure may make the data on the server unusable for a time.
Having a backup that can be available to any laptop with an internet connection returns data quickly and efficiently to its users’ hands.